Introduction

RLDP Implemented a number of intervention during its second phase (2008-2010) and third bridging phase 2011 in the Corridor and on six sub sectors namely poultry, sunflower, rice, rural radio, dairy and cotton. During this phase the programme achieved the following. The achievements presented here are in relation to the RLDP log frame.

Outcome 1: Growth of sub-sectors

RLDC has built partnership with 68 private companies and organisations. Those are facilitated to contribute to market development systems as buyers, processors, traders, service providers or producers’ cooperatives. RLDC also provided capacity development support, which positively affected changes amongst them in terms of business strategic orientation, business management, competitiveness, quality of services and improved trade with producers... These changes in their turn contributed to increase the number of economic and market opportunities for the enterprises, trigger employment creation, business expansion, etc. The target was to increase turnover of partner enterprises by 10% per year. During 2009-2010 cotton performance was drastically affected by drought and world price crisis (enterprises had a loss of -55%) and recovered in the following season to 104%. The incomes of enterprises in the sunflower increased by 25%, and Dairy between 13% and 23%, thanks to a better collection and marketing strategy.


Partner companies increased investment in their enterprises, from TZS 646.1 Mio in 2008 to over TZS 1’818.9 Mio in 2011.The investment were from constructing collection centres, rehabilitation of ginnery, and purchase of sunflower mills.


The facilitation role of RDLC could also convince partner enterprises to adopt a win-win situation in relation to the producers, e.g. in the form of contract farming. The number of producers having established farming contracts / agreements with buyers and producers in different sectors is 18,700 (target 15,000) producers in cumulative terms, Out of these 13,600 male and 5,100 female. Sunflower sector has 65% of all producers in contract farming. The produces in contract farming benefits from various services ranging from access to inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, tractor services, canvases for post harvest management, they also benefit on advisory and extension services.

Outcome 2: Improvement of service markets

In the six regions were RLDC is active,  through its partners, contributed to establish a network of service providers which includes local private service providers (LSP) who are mostly lead farmers, extension agents from private companies and public extension officers. As far as LSPs are concerned, it was planned that RLDC facilitates training of LSPs 50 per sector to provide services. The achievements turned out higher: About 632 lead farmers were trained to provide extension services (agronomic skills, etc.), which corresponds to an average of 211 per crop agricultural sector supported. Moreover, other LSPs were capacitated to provide specific services, such as cotton weight and quality control (33 village control committees – 132 people), provision and advice on QDS in sunflower (148 QDS producers) and poultry production services provided through subgroups in 100 villages (6 per village, i.e. 600) and dairy 20. These included, the overall total of trained LSPs is 1,433.


The SP survey1 provides evidence that many of the trained LSPs are regularly providing services to farmers. The services provided by these LSPs were not available before and are very much appreciated by farmers. An indicator for this is the way they get the information on what services are needed and the frequency of contact: 60% of the interviewed LSPs mention that they are contacted by farmers; many of them also contact farmers individually or through their farmers’ group representatives (20% and 38% respectively). Asked about frequency, for most of the LSPs, these contacts happen “often”, for others “once per week”.


Furthermore, RLDC targeted to facilitate the introduction of at least 5 new or improved services. In fact, the new or improved services provided by local, public and private service providers and facilitated by RLDC amount to 22 that can be grouped into 9 types. Amongst them: agronomic practices, access to new or improved inputs, services related to contract farming, quality and weight control services, financial services, information services through rural radio,  etc

Outcome 3: Business environment

Functional linkages were established between LSPs and private as well as public entities in terms of trainings of LSPs, own initiatives taken by LSPs to upgrade their skills and support received in case of challenges faced by LSPs.  
The number of producers accessing new/improved services are 47,550 (target 40,000)


However, the provision of services to producers remains so far a subsidised market and the challenge ahead will be to commercialise private services, which will heavily depend on the willingness of producers to pay for services and private sector investing in providing services. MSK solution our partner in cotton production has started to use the lead farmers as buying agents (commission paid for service they offer).RLDC was particularly active this phase regarding a number of platforms that can contribute to improve the business environment in multiple ways


The number of functioning and effective public-private sector dialogue mechanisms set up at district and national level was targeted to be at least six and is currently slightly higher at eight. Also, it was planned to facilitate at least one effective market supporting initiative per sector. Six of them have been achieved in dairy, rice, cotton, and sunflower


BMOs have also been encouraged to take advocacy initiatives. In three sectors (cotton, sunflower, and dairy) BMOs, associations and farmer groups have taken initiatives to improve business environment. There is some progress on BMOs, CEZOSOPA is now trying to solicit more members in the central corridor and also focus to be accountable to members. Establishment of a National Markets Development Forum (NMDF) is still underway the forum is not yet fully owned by the Mit; RLDC is still looking on ways to engage more stakeholders who will own the forum.

Outcome 4: Visibility and replication

For this fourth and last outcome, RLDP made also progresses. It could contribute to influence policies in the cotton sub-sector (contract farming having become compulsory), poultry (local service providers given mandates by LGA, dairy (waive of import taxes, Tanzania Dairy Board operational). Replication happened in two sub-sectors: contract farming in cotton, and Bariadi Model in poultry which was adopted by Oxfam and Inades. RLDC could contribute to the development of 6 tools/ processes that were used by other facilitators (e.g. reference material in poultry, QDS model used by LGAs, contract farming in cotton and sunflower sub-sectors, hide and skins project in Bahi and Singida...).


A large majority (85%) of RLDP partners declared they were very satisfied with the collaboration. In terms of visibility, RLDC attended a series of stakeholders meetings (cotton, dairy...), workshops organised by other organisations. It also actively participated in the National Market Development Forum, ANSAF meetings, as well as in the Market Development Forum. The publication of 5 documents of experience capitalisation also contribute to value the interventions of RLDC. 

Cumulative Outreach at the end of the period (2008-2011) is 74,750 beneficiaries for commodity sub sectors, and 27,500 HH for Radio Sub sector. The grand total amounts to 102,250 against an initial target of 80,000
Sector                          Cumulative Outreach (2008-2011)
Cotton                           27,300
Sunflower                      29,100
Poultry                            7,200
Dairy                              4,850
Rice                               6,300
Total commodity sectors 74,750
Radio                            27,500 HH
Grand Total                   102,250